Animal welfare will continue to be a challenge. In Part II, while not claiming identicalness in the trajectories of different oppressions, the author discusses how the discursive construction of species difference bears a close resemblance to that of gender and race narratives.
For example, biology often maintains that a competitive and aggressive relationship between father and son is a characteristic of animal species.
Once separated out from other property, a new area of jurisprudence will evolve, providing legal rights for at least some animals. Because many foresters literally do not see the enormous variety in the use of trees, they frequently do not see the vast number of species that are useful … that men and women may have very different uses for the same tree or may use different trees for different purposes.
To what extent should nonhuman animals be considered legal persons? In fact, there are a variety of conceptions of legal personhood.
This natural bias, according to the film, combined with a received sense of comfort and an excuse for exploitation of non-humans cause anthropocentrism to remain in society. In Western culture, it is generally complimentary to describe someone as busy as a bee, eagle-eyed, lion-hearted, or brave as a lion.
How should we understand our emotional response to animals and how important should the emotional lives of animals be to us?
Too often it has assumed that activities that fall outside the realm of commercial fiber production are less important than those that fall inside that realm. There is not one definition of ecofeminist ethics.
Finally, it makes a number of suggestions as to what type of laws would be the most successful in advancing the interests of animals. Animals capable of pain or distress are significantly different than ordinary personal property, and more vigorously emphasizing their distinctiveness as a subset of personal property would further both animal welfare and human interests.
The success of the animal welfare movement, however, hinges on whether society will adopt regulations, based on moral considerations, that are directly opposed to its economic self-interest.
Were animals as personalty appreciated in their fundamental distinctions from other personal properties, the law might be able to fashion a more sophisticated set of legal responsibilities for, and rewards of, such ownership. Brett Cattani This document provides a listing of animal-related law review and journal articles from The author suggests that the transparency sought by some was not realized, but that such transparency may not be as important as originally thought.
Natural Resources as a Platform for Nonhuman This article considers the legal avenues available to protect nonhuman animals in the U. State University of New York Press.
At the same time almost all the species we breed for consumption are processed through the animal industrial complex, and are neither seen, nor heard, nor touched in a living state.
Writing in A Rat is a Pig is a Dog is a Boy, a critique of animal rights ideology, "Because we are unquestionably a unique species—the only species capable of even contemplating ethical issues and assuming responsibilities—we uniquely are capable of apprehending the difference between right and wrong, good and evil, proper and improper conduct toward animals.
Mellor argues that while both men and women mediate between culture and nature, they do not do so equally. Anthropocentrism is believed by some to be the central problematic concept in environmental philosophy, where it is used to draw attention claims of a systematic bias in traditional Western attitudes to the non-human world.2.
Anthropocentric Indirect Arguments. As noted in the introduction, environmental ethicists have put a great deal of effort over the last 30 years into debating the merits of anthropocentric and nonanthropocentric value systems (e.g., Callicott, Callicott, B.
(). In defense of the land ethic: Essays in environmental philosophy.
Emotional Animals: Eliminating the Anthropocentric Divide It sickens me when people start to put human emotions in animals, and it demeans the animal. We can’t think of them as some kind of magnificent human being; they are animals.
temological shift implies the rejection of the anthropocentric divide between humans and animals, while avoiding species of sociobiologism, pre-formationism, geneticism and other monocausal paradigms.
environment as highly evolved animals, in effect eliminating the anthropocentric divide between the human and the natural.
In practice, it is impossible to always equally compromise between. Leopold uses the land ethic as a metaphor for ALL of nature: humans, animals, plants, and soil. He argues if you care about the animal, you have to care about the land and other supporters that come before it- it is a cyclical process.
This was a remarkable and important overview of the emotional lives of animals, what they mean for our worldview and human society.
It included some wonderful, touching stories, and some very interesting points. The book was hampered by the lack of a defined structure, but was readable and enjoyable 4/5.Download