Actually, the woman has one use, for nature only gives things one special function, and that function is the procreative one. Plato must have recognised the waste of human resources in this social system, and thus opposed it.
This masculine prejudice manifested itself most potently in Plato?
Women were only fit to be subjects of male rule. He argues in particular that women benefit equally Gma and platos equality of women men as prisoners. By focusing on the need for physical equality first, Socrates goes to the heart of the problem, i.
But are they equal in the same respect, at the same time, in the same way to one another? If this judgment is correct, and I think that Bloom is correct here, then all forms of traditional Athenian custom must be discarded for the best city to come into existence. Several of his other works are quite disparaging towards women, though, with only the Republic really showing any inclination towards true equality.
The final question he has to address is whether it is best. How is it possible that the unity and justice of the city depends on there being male and female equality in a group of warriors, who, traditionally, were only male? For instance, the equality of this apple and this apple both are apples and hence equal.
This question presents one of the more puzzling assertions in the Republic, namely the idea that the perfectly just city is only possible by eradicating gender inequality in the warrior class and training men and women together.
Moral - Equal human value or worth Legal - All are subject to the same laws Political - equal voice in making laws and selecting political leaders Social - equal access to those things necessary to leading a decent or good life Should everyone have equal opportunity, or should all outcomes be equal?
Clearly Plato must think that eugenics demands excellence on both sides, and that the female has something to offer to the process of procreation - which is more than can be said about Aristotle.
But their inquiry has discovered an overall problem in the city, as women and children cannot be left alone to do nothing. For instance, the equality of this apple and this apple both are apples and hence equal. Although this may not necessarily be flattering to women, it was certainly better that what Aristotle believed.
Compare this harsh existence with the ideas put forth by Plato in the Republic. Pain and suffering are not constant - some are more susceptible to pain than others, for example. It is fascinating to see how even so long ago, the equality of the sexes was an important and divisive issue.
What we have here with Aristotle is a situation whereby the soul takes on the characteristics of the sex of the body. If he is being serious, how does he intend to do it, if not, why does he propose it in the first place?
The prevailing attitudes of expected subservience and repression were highly ingrained and even championed by some of the great thinkers of the time.
For protection from harm caused by each other - this is not a city-state, but a treaty or agreement For mutual assistance and exchange business relations - this is not a city-state Simply by geographical proximity - this is not a city-state The last three must be present for there to be a city-state, but they alone are not enough.
Some people try the route to equality in claiming that there is "common humanity" that makes us all equal and valuable. Is it really better that women, who are suited more toward nurturing, be trained along with men in music and gymnastic for the purpose of filling positions in the guardian class?
Scientists are engaged in extended discussion over the meaning of this argument, including the vigorous discussion of contemporary feminist scholars. And what of cases in which we can treat people in ways that are obviously unjust, though they feel no pain so far as we know?
Of course, they are both rational animals equipped with emotions and passions, likes and dislikes, and they both contribute, in some way or another, to the polis. Men can be naked together because it is relatively easy to desexualize their relations with one another; but the preservation of the city requires mutual attraction of men and women.
Plato informs us that women are physically weaker than men, yet he implies that this is not a sufficient reason to prevent women from being trained in warfare. His great discourse of a perfect government, the Republic, contains arguments for the political equality of women rarely exhibited until modern times.
However, unlike most men of the period, perhaps Plato was prepared to advocate equality because of the demands of his form of justice. It would have been difficult for him to present his revolutionary ideas, though, without incorporating at least some of the traditional views, for a typical Athenian man would certainly not have been convinced by Plato?
The women that are good at sports and warfare, and who are philosophically inclined, would make the best guardians.Title: Plato and the Equality of Women Created Date: Z.
Plato, in some degree supported by feminists on women's equality with men. Some views of Plato's Republic to support this claim especially in book 5, where Plato tackles the opinion of Socrates, that women constitute a good potential guardians or philosopher-rulers of the state.
Plato’s discussion of gender equality in the Republic is one of the most interesting segments of the whole work. It is fascinating to see how even so long ago, the equality of the sexes was an important and divisive issue.
Plato’s attitude to the emancipation of women has to be understood in the context of the complex moral and political theory in which it is embedded.
His proposals on equality of political status and of educational opportunity are congenial to classical liberal opinion, while the abolition of the family aligns him with more radical feminist thought. Oddly enough, Plato seems to have been unable to convince even his own students of his views regarding sexual equality.
However, his own teacher, Socrates, was a known homosexual so maybe Plato’s views can be seen as a surprise as well. Aristotle, Plato’s most famous disciple, had exactly the opposite view regarding women.
Plato, at that point of time, answered that women has to be equal to men for there is a contradiction between the human nature and how it differs from sexes.
There is definitely a big difference on the physical body of a man and a woman.Download